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焦化行业大气污染防治存在的问题、超低排放路线及发展趋势

来源:河南环碧环保工程设备有限公司 时间:01-14

边锋游戏ZHAIYAO:CONGGUOJIADIFANGHUANJINGZHENGCEJIJIAOHUAXINGYEDEDAQIWURANXIANZHUANG2GEFANGMIANZONGJIEFENXILEJIAOHUAXINGYEDAQIWURANMUQIANSUOMIANLINDEWENTI,TICHULECHAODIPAIFANGDEJISHULUXIAN,ZHONGDIANFENXILEDAQIWURANJIANPAIFANGDETUJING,WEISHENGTAIHUANJINGZHUGUANBUMENHEJIAOHUAQIYETIGONGJISHUZHICHI。

随着我国多地遭遇持续的雾霾天气,大气污染防治形势变得异常严峻。国家层面已经明确要加快生态文明体制改革,着力解决突出的环境问题。特别是“气十条”实施以来,焦化行业的大气污染治理“攻坚战”虽然取得了阶段性胜利,但与人们对美好生活环境的向往还有一定差距。

边锋游戏MIANDUIJIAOHUAXINGYERIYITUCHUDEDAQIWURANWENTI,GUOJIAJIDIFANGYIJINGZHUBUSHIXINGJIAOHUAXINGYETEBIEPAIFANGXIANZHIHEQIUDONGJICUOFENGSHENGCHAN,《GANGTIEQIYECHAODIPAIFANGGAIZAOGONGZUOFANGAN》YIJINGWANCHENGZHENGQIUYIJIAN。HEBEISHENGYIJINGFABULE《LIANJIAOHUAXUEGONGYEDAQIWURANWUCHAODIPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(DB 13/2863—2018,2019NIAN1YUE1RIZHIXING),BUFENSHENGSHIYIJINGKAISHISHISHICHAODIPAIFANGGAIZAO。JIAOHUAXINGYEMUQIANMIANLINDEHUANJINGXINGSHISHIFENYANJUN,ZHIYOUTONGGUODUOCUOSHIBINGJUCAINENGJINKUAIGAIBIANXIANSHIJUMIAN,SHIXIANJIAOHUAXINGYEDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。

1焦化行业面临的环保压力

GUOJIAHEDIFANGDUIJIAOHUAXINGYETICHULEYANGEDEDAQIWURANKONGZHIYAOQIU,JIAOHUAXINGYEMIANLINDEDAQIJIANPAIXINGSHISHIFENYANJUN,JISHUZHUANGBEIHEHUANBAOSHENGJIGAIZAOPOZAIMEIJIE。

1.1蓝天保卫战三年行动计划

边锋游戏ZHONGDIANQUYUJIADADULIJIAOHUAQIYETAOTAILIDU,JINGJINJIJIZHOUBIANDIQUSHISHI“YIGANGDINGJIAO”(GANGJIAOBI0.4ZUOYOU)。ZHONGDIANQUYUJIAOHUAQUANMIANZHIXINGDAQIWURANWUTEBIEPAIFANGXIANZHI。ZHONGDIANQUYUCHENGSHIJIANCHENGQUNEIJIAOLUSHISHILUTIJIAZHAOFENGBI,BINGDUIFEIQIJINXINGSHOUJICHULI。

1.2 2018—2019年秋冬季大气污染综合治理攻坚行动方案

1.2.1京津冀及周边地区

边锋游戏HEBEI、SHANXISHENGQUANMIANQIDONGTANHUASHIGAODU4.3mJIYIXIA、YUNXINGSHOUMINGCHAOGUO10NIANDEJIAOLUTAOTAIGONGZUO。HEBEI、SHANDONG、HENANSHENGYAOANZHAO2020NIANDIQIANGANGJIAOBIBUGAOYU0.4DEMUBIAO,JIADADULIJIAOHUAQIYETAOTAILIDU。SHENHUAJIAOHUAXINGYEWURANZHILI,QIANGHUAWUZUZHIPAIFANGGUANLI,CHANGNEISUOYOUSANZHUANGWULIAOCHUCUN、SHUSONGJIZHUYAOSHENGCHANCHEJIANYINGMIBI。GULICHENGSHIJIANCHENGQUNEIJIAOLUSHISHILUTIJIAZHAOFENGBI,BINGDUIFEIQIJINXINGSHOUJICHULI。

GEDIZHONGDIANDUIJIAOHUADENGGAOPAIFANGXINGYESHISHICAINUANQICUOFENGSHENGCHAN。DUIXINGYEWURANPAIFANGJIXIAOSHUIPINGMINGXIANHAOYUTONGXINGYEQITAQIYEDEHUANBAOBIAOGANQIYE,KEBUYUXIANCHAN,BAOKUOJIAOLULUTIJIAZHAOFENGBI、PEIBEIJIAOLUYANCONGFEIQITUOLIUTUOXIAOZHUANGZHI,QIEDADAOTEBIEPAIFANGXIANZHIDEQIYE。

1.2.2汾渭平原

JIADAXIANYOUJIAOHUAQIYEZHENGHELIDU,TISHENGCHANYEZHUANGBEISHUIPING,DAFUJIANSHAOQIYESHULIANG。QUANMIANQIDONGTANHUASHIGAODU4.3mJIYIXIA、YUNXINGSHOUMINGCHAOGUO10NIANDEJIAOLUTAOTAIGONGZUO。

SHISHIJIAOHUAXINGYESHENDUZHILI。SHISHIJINGMEI、JIAOTANDENGSANZHUANGWULIAOCHUCUNHESHUSONGMIBIGAIZAO;JIAOLULUTIANZHUANGGAOQINGHONGWAISHIPINJIANKONGZHUANGZHI;JIAOLUYANCONG、ZHUANGMEIDIMIANZHAN、TUIJIAODIMIANZHAN、GANFAXIJIAODIMIANZHANDENGZHUYAOPAIFANGKOUANZHUANGZIDONGJIANKONGSHESHI;JIAQIANGHUACHANQUYUHUIFAXINGYOUJIWU(VOCs)DEKONGZHIHEZHILI,JIANGMEIQIJINGHUAXITONGLENGGUGELEIZHUCAO(GUAN)JIQITAQUYUJIAOYOU、BENDENGZHUCAO(GUAN)DEYOUJIFEIQIJIERUYALIPINGHENGXITONGHUOSHOUJIJINGHUACHULI;FENQINGFEISHUICHULISHESHIJIAGAIBINGPEIBEIFEIQISHOUJICHULISHESHI;KAIZHANSHEBEIHEGUANXIANXIELOUJIANCEYUXIUFUGONGZUO;JIAKUAITUIJINJIAOLUJICECHUCHENXITONGJIANSHE;GULICHENGSHIJIANCHENGQUJIZHOUBIANQUYUJIAOLUSHISHILUTIJIAZHAOFENGBIGONGZUO。

1.3地方要求

1.3.1山西省打好污染防治攻坚战推动转型升级实施方案

边锋游戏HELIPINGHENGTAOTAIJIAOTANCHANNENGYUXINJIANJIAOTANCHANNENG,QUEBAOJIAOTANCHANNENGZONGTIWENZHONGYOUJIANG,XIANJINJIAOLUZHANBIKUAISUTISHENG,WURANPAIFANGZONGLIANGDAFUDUJIANGDI。2019NIAN10YUE1RIQI,QUANSHENGJIAOHUAQIYEQUANBUDADAOHUANBAOTEBIEPAIFANGXIANZHIBIAOZHUN。DAO2020NIAN,TANHUASHIGAODU5.5mYISHANGJIAOLUCHANNENGZHANBIDADAO50%YISHANG,JIAOHUAZHUANGBEISHUIPINGMINGXIANTISHENG。

JIAQIANGDUIJIAOLUZHUANGMEITUIJIAO、WULIAOFENGBICHUCUN、CHUCHENDENGGUANJIANHUANJIEZHONGDEWUZUZHIPAIFANGJINXINGPAICHAHESHENDUZHILI,JIAQIANGDUIWUZUZHIPAIFANGDEJIANDUGUANLI。JIAOHUAQIYEYAOCAIYONGXIANJINJISHU,JIAKUAIDUICHUANTONGSHIFAXIJIAOGONGYISHISHIGAIZAO。

1.3.2山东省打赢蓝天保卫战作战方案

JIADALUOHOUCHANNENGTAOTAIHEGUOSHENGCHANNENGYAJIANLIDU,YANGEZHIXINGZHILIANG、HUANBAO、NENGHAO、ANQUANDENGFAGUIBIAOZHUN,TUIDONGJIAOHUAXINGYEZHUANXINGSHENGJI。JIADA7GECHUANSHUTONGDAOCHENGSHIDULIJIAOHUAQIYETAOTAILIDU,QUANSHENGSHISHI“YIGANGDINGJIAO”。

1.3.3河北省打赢蓝天保卫战三年行动方案及深度减排方案

边锋游戏(1)SANNIANXINGDONGFANGAN。TANGSHANSHIYAOBADAFUYAJIANCHANNENG、YOUHUACHANYEBUJUZUOWEIZHUGONGFANGXIANG,QIANGLITUIJINJIAOHUAXINGYETUICHENGBANQIANHECHAODIPAIFANGSHENGJIGAIZAO。YANJINXINZENGJIAOTANCHANNENG,JIAOTANCHANNENGKONGZHIZAI8 000WANtZUOYOU。QUANSHENGJIAOHUAQIYELIAODUICHANGANZHAO《MEICHANG、LIAOCHANG、ZHACHANGYANGCHENWURANKONGZHIJISHUGUIFAN》(DB 13/0352—2016)CUNCHUYAOQIU,SHIXIANGUIFANGUANLI。ANZHAO“DIANXINGSHIFAN、DUIBIAOXIANJIN、FENBUSHISHI”DEYUANZE,QUANMIANSHISHICHAODIPAIFANGGAIZAO。DUICHENGSHIJIANCHENGQUNEIJIAOLUSHISHIJIAZHAOFENGBI,BINGDUIFEIQIJINXINGSHOUJICHULI。DAO2020NIAN10YUE,QUANSHENGJIAOHUAXINGYEQUANBUWANCHENGSHENDUZHILI,DADAOCHAODIPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。2020NIAN,FUHETIAOJIANDEJIAOHUAQIYEWANCHENGYOUSEYANYUZHILI。DUICHUANSHUTONGDAOCHENGSHIDEJIAOHUAQIYESHIXINGCUOFENGSHENGCHAN。

(2)SHENDUJIANPAIFANGAN。JIAOLUYANCONGYANQIKELIWU、ERYANGHUALIU、DANYANGHUAWUPAIFANGNONGDUFENBIEBUGAOYU10mg/m3、15mg/m3、100mg/m3,JIAOLUZHUANGMEIGONGXUKELIWU、ERYANGHUALIUPAIFANGNONGDUFENBIEBUGAOYU10mg/m3、50mg/m3,TUIJIAOGONGXUKELIWUPAIFANGNONGDUBUGAOYU10 mg/m3;JIAOHUAXINGYELIAOCHANG、YUNSHUTONGLANGFENGBI;JIAOLULUTIYANCHENQIANGHUAWUZUZHIYISANKONGZHI;HUACHANHUISHOUGONGXUHEGELEIZHUGUANQIANGHUAWURANWUHUISHOUCHULI;GUANDAO、FAMEN、BENGZHAN、WUSHUICHULIDENGQIANGHUAJINGXIGUANKONG,JIANLIXIELOUYUJIANCEXIUFUZHIDU;JIAQIANGKAITINGCHE、JIAN(WEI)XIU、SHENGCHANYICHANGDENGFEIZHENGCHANGGONGKUANGWURANKONGZHI,JIANSHAOKELIWU、VOCsDENGWUZUZHIPAIFANG。

2焦化行业大气污染防治存在的问题

(1)JIAOHUAXINGYEWURANWUDEPAIFANGWEIQUANBUDABIAO,RUZHUANGMEIFEIQIZHONGDESO2HEBapYOUCHAOBIAOXIANXIANG,MEIQIJINGHUAQUVOCsDEZHILICUOSHIBIJIAOBORUODENG。

(2) JIAOLUDEWUZUZHIPAIFANGGUANKONGXIANGDUIJIAOCHA。

(3)DAQIHUANJINGFANGHUJULIHUOWEISHENGFANGHUJULINANYIMANZUYAOQIU。

边锋游戏(4)CHANNENGGUOSHENG,SHICHANGKONGJIANYOUXIAN。

(5)WURANZHILIJISHUZHIJIANCHAYIJIAODA,BUFENJISHUBUNENGZHANGQIWENDINGDABIAO。

(6)ZIYUANPEIZHIJICHANYEBUJUBUHELI,DULIJIAOHUAQIYEDEZHANBIJIAODA,JIZHONGDUBUGAO,BULIYUJIAOHUAQIYEYURE、YUNENGDEHUISHOULIYONG(GANXIJIAO),BULIYUJIAOLUYANCONGFEIQIDANYANGHUAWUDEKONGZHI,BULIYUZIYUANDEZONGHELIYONGJIHUACHANPINDESHENJIA。

(7)SHIFAXIJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEWURANWUZHONGLEIJIQIPAIFANGLIANGYOUDAIJINYIBUYANJIU。

3超低排放限值与特别排放限值的对比

边锋游戏《GANGTIEQIYECHAODIPAIFANGGAIZAOGONGZUOFANGAN(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》(HUANBANDAQIHAN[2018]242HAO)ZHONGJIAOHUADEPAIFANGXIANZHIZONGTISHANGYANYU《LIANJIAOHUAXUEGONGYEWURANPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(GB 16171—2012)ZHONGDETEBIEPAIFANGXIANZHI,XIANGXIDUIBIQINGKUANGJIANBIAO1。

4焦化行业超低排放的技术路线

JIAOHUAXINGYEDAQIWURANDEKONGZHIKEYITONGGUO3LEIFANGFALAISHISHI:YISHIYUANTOUJIANLIANG;ERSHIGUOCHENGKONGZHI;SANSHIMODUANZHILI。YUANTOUJIANLIANGXIANGDUIYUMODUANZHILI,TONGCHANGCHENGBENGENGDI、GENGYOUXIAO、GENGKEKONG。QIYETONGGUOCAIQUYIXIAJISHULUXIANBINGJIAQIANGGUANLI,KEYIDADAOCHAODIPAIFANGSHUIPING。

4.1焦炉烟囱废气

边锋游戏(1)YUANTOUJIANLIANG。JIAREMEIQICAIYONGDILIU、DIDANRANQI,JIARECAIYONGFEIQIXUNHUANYUDUODUANJIAREXIANGJIEHEDEDIDANRANSHAOJISHU。DUODUANJIARESHIXIANGLIHUODAOFENDUANGONGRUKONGQI,XINGCHENGDUODIANRANSHAO,ZAISHIXIANJIAOLUJUNYUNJIAREDETONGSHI,JIANGDIRANSHAOQIANGDU,JIANSHAONOxCHANSHENGLIANG;FEIQIXUNHUANJISHUSHIJIANGJIAOLURANSHAOFEIQICHANRUZHILIHUODAORANSHAOXITONG,JIANGDIYANGHANLIANG,JIAKUAIQILIUSUDU,LAZHANGHUOYAN,JIANGDIHUODAOWENDU,JIANSHAONOxCHANSHENGLIANG,FENWEILUNEIFEIQIXUNHUANHEWAIBUYANQIHUIPEI2ZHONGGONGYI,QIZHONGWAIBUYANQIHUIPEIDUIYUSHIYONGJIAOLUMEIQIJIAREDEJIAOLUGENGSHIYONG。

(2)GUOCHENGKONGZHI。JIAQIANGJIAOLUSHENGCHANCAOZUOGUANLI,JIANGDIKONGQIGUOSHENGXISHU,JIAQIANGLUWENGUANLI,BIMIANXITONGXINGWENDUPIANGAOHUOGAOWENHUODAOCUNZAI。

边锋游戏(3)MODUANZHILI。a、JIAOLUYANQITUOLIUTUOXIAOCHANGJIANDEFANGFAYOU(BAN)GANFATUOLIU+CHUCHEN+SCRTUOXIAO、XINXINGCUIHUAFATUOLIU+SCRTUOXIAO、SCRTUOXIAO+ (BAN)GANFATUOLIUSHIFATUOLIU+CHUCHEN、HUOXINGTANHUOXINGJIAOFATUOLIUTUOXIAODENGZHULIUGONGYIJISHU。CHUCHENKEYOUXIANXUANYONGGAOXIAOBUDAICHUCHENFANGSHIBINGKONGZHIGUOLVFENGSU。(BAN)GANFATUOLIUDETUOLIUJIKECAIYONGGAIJIHUONAJITUOLIUJI。

 b、XIANJINDEJIAOLUYANQITUOLIUTUOXIAOCHUCHENYITIHUAZHUANGZHI:HB-CataFilterTAOCICHUMEIGUANTUOXIAOCHUCHENYITIHUAGONGYILUXIAN,SDS/CFBGANFATUOLIU+REJIEXI+TUOXIAOCHUCHENYITIHUAJISHU+YUREZHUANGZHI

 工艺流程简述 

 LAIZIJIAOLUYANQIJINRUGANFA(CFBHUOSDS)JINXINGTUOLIU,TUOLIUJICAIYONGXIAOSHIHUI/XIAOSUDA。TUOLIUHOUDEYANQI,LIYONGQIANYUXISHIFENGHUNHECHENGTIJIANHANLIANGWEI3-5%DEHUNHEQITIJINGPENANGEZHAHUNHERUYANQIZHONGSONGRUCHUCHENTUOXIAOYITIHUAZHONGJINXINGTUOXIAOCHUCHEN,TONGSHISHIXIANTUOCHUNOxJICHUCHENDEMUDE。TUOXIAOCHUCHENHOUDEYANQIJINGGUOYUREZHUANGZHIJIANGWENHOUYOUYINFENGJIYINZHIYANCONGPAICHU。

HB-CataFilterTAOCICHUMEIGUANTUOXIAOCHUCHENYITIHUAZAIJIAOHUAXINGYEDEYINGYONGYOUSHI

边锋游戏SHEBEIJIKONGZHIJIANDAN:TEBIESHISDSQUANGANFATUOLIUXITONG,ZHIXUKONGZHITUOLIUJIDETOUJIALIANG,JIUNENGKUAISUXIANGYINGSO2 NONGDUBIANHUA。

XING  JIA  BI  GAO:     HB-CataFilterTAOCICHUMEIGUANTUOXIAOCHUCHENYITIHUAGONGYIXITONGJIANDAN,ZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,TOUZICHENGBENDILIAN;

YUN XING FEI YONG DI:    QIYUNXINGZULIDI(BISDA+GGHGONGYISHAO1500PaYISHANG),WUXUGONGYISHUI,DIANHAODI,NENGYUANLIYONGLVGAO。

边锋游戏ERCIWURANDEKONGZHI: GAIXITONGWEIQUANGANFATUOLIU,WU“FEISHUI”PAIFANG。GAIXITONGPAIYANWENDUCHAOGUO130DU,WU“BAIYAN、BAISHUIQI“  DENGYANWEICHANSHENG,WUXUTUOBAI。TONGSHI,CHANWUKEYONGYUBOLICHANG、ZAOZHICHANGHESHUINICHANGDENG,SHIXIANERCILIYONG;

KE ZAI XIAN JIAN XIU:    CAIQUDULICANGSHISHEJIKEFENCANGSHILIXIANJIANXIU,JIEJUELEJIAOLUZAIBUTINGLUQINGKUANGXIA,HUANBAOSHESHIXUJIANXIUSHIYAN QIPAIFANGBUNENGDABIAODENANTI,TONGSHIYINWEIBIMIANLETINGLUJIANXIUDAILAIDEZHUDUOSUNSHI;

边锋游戏SHEBEIJIKONGZHIJIANDAN:TEBIESHISDSQUANGANFATUOLIUXITONG,ZHIXUKONGZHITUOLIUJIDETOUJIALIANG,JIUNENGKUAISUXIANGYINGSO2 NONGDUBIANHUA。

边锋游戏XING  JIA  BI  GAO:     HB-CataFilterTAOCICHUMEIGUANTUOXIAOCHUCHENYITIHUAGONGYIXITONGJIANDAN,ZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,TOUZICHENGBENDILIAN;

边锋游戏YUN XING FEI YONG DI:    QIYUNXINGZULIDI(BISDA+GGHGONGYISHAO1500PaYISHANG),WUXUGONGYISHUI,DIANHAODI,NENGYUANLIYONGLVGAO。

ERCIWURANDEKONGZHI: GAIXITONGWEIQUANGANFATUOLIU,WU“FEISHUI”PAIFANG。GAIXITONGPAIYANWENDUCHAOGUO130DU,WU“BAIYAN、BAISHUIQI“DENGYANWEICHANSHENG,WUXUTUOBAI。TONGSHI,CHANWUKEYONGYUBOLICHANG、ZAOZHICHANGHESHUINICHANGDENG,SHIXIANERCILIYONG;

边锋游戏KE ZAI XIAN JIAN XIU:    CAIQUDULICANGSHISHEJIKEFENCANGSHILIXIANJIANXIU,JIEJUELEJIAOLUZAIBUTINGLUQINGKUANGXIA,HUANBAOSHESHIXUJIANXIUSHIYANQIPAIFANGBUNENGDABIAODENANTI,TONGSHIYINWEIBIMIANLETINGLUJIANXIUDAILAIDEZHUDUOSUNSHI;

边锋游戏JUYOUZIDONGHUACHENGDUGAO、ANZHUANGJIANDAN、、YITIHUAGONGYILIUCHENGDUAN,GUZHANGDIANSHAO,WEIHUJIANDANDENGYOUDIAN。

6结语

JIAOHUAXINGYEDEFAZHANJIANGTONGCHOUWURANFANGZHIYUJINGJIFAZHAN,JIAOHUADEHUANBAOYAOQIURIQUYANGE,HUANJINGZHUNRUMENJIANJIANGYOUSUOTIGAO,JIAOHUAXINGYEDEHUANBAOJIANGUANGENGJIAYANGE。ZHIYOUJIANGJIAOHUAXINGYEDAQIWURANJIANPAIDENGCUOSHILUODAOSHICHU,CAINENGCUJINJIAOHUAXINGYEZOUXIANGLVSEJIANKANGDEFAZHANZHILU,TUIJINJIAOHUAQIYEKEXUEHUA、GUIFANHUA、BIAOZHUNHUAHEQINGJIEHUAFAZHAN。

 


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